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Shoulder - Ortho Patient Ed

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Shoulder Anatomy

  • The healthy shoulder is a complex structure of bones, muscles, ligaments (connect bone to bone), tendons (connect muscle to bone), and cartilage. The bones that form the shoulder joint are the humerus (upper arm bone) and the scapula (shoulder blade)....

Causes of Shoulder Pain

  • Most shoulder discomfort involves the muscles, ligaments, and tendons, rather than bones which make it difficult to decide if the shoulder pain is from muscle soreness or injury. Fortunately, the shoulder is one of the least likely joints to develop arthritic conditions however, certain arthritic conditions can occur and also cause shoulder pain....

Diagnosis of Shoulder Pain

  • Your surgeon will evaluate your health history, perform a physical examination, and take x-rays to diagnose your shoulder pain....

Non-Surgical Shoulder Treatment

  • The treatment options covered here relate to osteoarthritis, although many of them may be helpful for patients with other arthritic conditions. Please ask your physician before starting any treatment....

Surgical Shoulder Treatment

  • When non-surgical treatments fail to provide adequate relief from the symptoms of arthritis, bone fracture or trauma, your orthopedic surgeon may recommend joint replacement. The technique of joint replacement uses implants typically made from polyethylene (plastic) and metal alloy to replace the damaged sections of bone and cartilage in the joint....

Total Shoulder Replacement

  • The technique of total shoulder replacement, also called arthroplasty, removes the damaged bone and cartilage in a joint. The bone is replaced with implants made from metal alloy and polyethylene (plastic), re-creating the smooth gliding surfaces that were once intact....

Pre-op and Post-op Guidelines

  • Planning ahead and preparing for your shoulder surgery can help ensure you a smooth surgery and an easier recovery. The following recommendations can help you with this process....

Caregivers Guide for Shoulder

  • As a caregiver, your role is important for helping your friend or loved one recover from joint replacement surgery. When at home, there are a variety of things you need to know for the patient's safety, recovery, and comfort....

Physical Therapy for the Shoulder

  • You may be prescribed a number of physical therapy exercises. Physical therapy is simply an exercise program that gently stretches and strengthens specific muscles and joints....

Frequently Asked Questions

  • Answers to their most asked questions.

Links to Additional Education

  • Additional links provided to trusted specialist in the field.
Patient Ed Topics

All Ortho Patient Ed content is reviewed by our Advisory Board of leading orthopedic surgeons.