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Sports Medicine Knee - Ortho Patient Ed

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Sports Medicine Knee

ACL Tear

  • The Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) is one of the four main ligaments in the knee. The ligament connects the thigh bone to the shin bone, keeps the knee from hyper extending, prevents anterior dislocation at the tibia, and stabilizes to help prevent unnatural movement in the joint....

Knee Anatomy

  • The knee is the largest joint in the body consisting of four bones, multiple ligaments and muscles, which act as shock absorbers during movement. Several large fibrous bands of tissue, called ligaments, support the knee on both sides....

Common Types of Injuries

  • The knee is the largest joint in your body and it is susceptible to injury. Because the knee is a complex joint, made up of many parts, there are numerous things that can go wrong....

PCL Tear

  • A PCL injury is a less common occurrence than that of an ACL injury. This is due to the thickness and strength of the PCL....

MCL and LCL Tears

  • The MCL connects the femur and tibia on the inner side of the leg and resists forces acting on the outer side of the knee. The LCL connects the femur and tibia on the outside of the leg and resists forces acting on the inner side of the knee....

Meniscus Tear

  • The menisci are small, semi-circular pieces of cartilage that act as a cushion in the knee. The knee has both an inner and outer meniscus....

Knee Cartilage Damage

  • Cartilage acts like a natural shock absorber, preventing both bone on bone contact and providing a smooth, pain-free surface for the bones to glide against....

Non-Surgical Treatment and Recovery

  • Treatment for knee injuries depends on the severity of the injury. The patient's activity level and overall health are also important factors to consider before treatment begins....

Arthroscopic Knee Surgery

  • If the ligament is a complete tear or the patient is physically active, then the surgeon may suggest a complete reconstruction of the ligament in order to prevent further damage and stabilize the knee....

ACL Reconstruction Surgery

  • People use their knee ligaments during many different activities. However, when one of those ligaments is injured or torn, it may affect how well a person can perform those activities....

Links to Additional Education

  • Additional links provided to trusted specialist in the field.
Patient Ed Topics

All Ortho Patient Ed content is reviewed by our Advisory Board of leading orthopedic surgeons.